If you are part of the 60-percent of the adult population in the United States that suffer with varicose veins treatments, there are a few treatment methods available to help you. Varicose veins, sometimes called to spider veins, are visible just under the skin’s surface, and look like swollen veins. Typically shades of red, blur, or purple, they are not only a source of embarrassment for many individuals, but can also be painful.

In individuals with weak or compromised veins, the development of varicose veins can be frequent occurrence, as weak veins allow the blood to pool. Individuals may experience pain ranging in intensity from slight to mild, also feelings of heaviness in the legs, and cramping of the calf muscles. Rare cases develop ulcers and blood clots. Generally speaking, most people experience mild to moderate discomfort and achy, throbbing leg pain. Those experiencing these symptoms should see medical treatment as soon as symptoms begin for the best results.

Among the 60-percent or so of the population that suffers from varicose veins, the majority are women, with men accounting for about one-quarter. Experts contribute this to women having a higher amount of estrogen, which explains why a great number of women develop them during pregnancy. Estrogen affects the walls of the veins by relaxing them which makes them prone to developing leaks. In addition, the veins of the pelvis are stretched during pregnancy, making them likely to accumulate blood.

Common methods to treat this condition include the following:

Sclerotherapy – This procedure is best suited for those with spider veins. A saline solution is introduced into the vein where it irritates the lining of the vein causing it to collapse on itself resulting in clotting. Several visits over a period of four to six weeks are necessary to fully eliminate the varicose veins. The patient’s legs are wrapped after each treatment to minimize swelling.
Laser Surgery – Another preferred method for treating small Varicose veins or spider veins. Laser surgery utilizes a highly concentrated light beam which produces enough heat to damage the veins causing them to collapse and eventually get reabsorbed by the body after a period of time.

Endovenous Ablation – This is the preferred method for treating the larger Varicose veins in which a laser or radiofrequency cauterizes the targeted vein. It is a safer and less invasive method for treating affected veins than vein stripping or ligation and also leaves no scars.
Before undergoing any surgical treatment, varicose and spider veins are typically first addressed by introducing lifestyle changes, such as wearing support stockings, increasing exercise in an effort to improve muscle tone and increase strength, and spending less time sitting or standing for prolonged periods of time. It is suggested to avoid crossing the legs while sitting and to place a pillow under the legs while sleeping or sitting. Losing weight if one is obese significantly reduces pressure on the lower legs and improves blood flow.